About Solaris Synchrotron

The first Polish synchrotron radiation facility SOLARIS was built at the Jagiellonian University 3rd Campus in Krakow. Synchrotron is a unique man-made source of electromagnetic radiation known as synchrotron radiation. The energy range of emitted photons spans from the infrared to hard X-rays.

The Polish synchrotron is the first research infrastructure of such substantial size and potential constructed in this part of Europe. The synchrotron, being a large-scale, multi-user and multidisciplinary facility, represents a much more efficient investment in research in comparison to distributed small or medium-scale equipment by providing state-of-the-art research opportunities for many groups.

Over the last three decades, synchrotron light has supported cutting-edge research in physics, chemistry and material science, and has opened up many new areas of research in fields such as medicine, geological and environmental studies, structural genomics and archeology.

The expected benefits are not limited to the scientific community. The availability of such technologically advanced facility also contributes to developments in such areas like enhancing education and training, stimulating hi-tech companies and services, providing new options for the research oriented industry, creation of new jobs.

The potential of the facility is vast. The project assumes and allows for a broad scope of future upgrades and development. The synchrotron will be capable of delivering radiation from both the bending magnets and insertion devices installed in the straight sections. Installation of up to 20 beamlines and corresponding experimental end stations is feasible and will provide research options for many groups. The building complex, apart from the synchrotron installation, will also accommodate all the necessary auxiliary facilities, eg. workshops, preparatory laboratories, staff and administration offices.

Watch a film explaining what synchrotron SOLARIS is and how it works.


The idea of building a synchrotron light source in Poland started about 12 years ago. The project has been supported by the strong community of a few hundred Polish synchrotron radiation users, who have been collaborating with synchrotron facilities abroad. 36 Polish research institutes and universities that were interested in applying synchrotron radiation to their research created the Polish Synchrotron Consortium.

The final application for construction of the Solaris Centre was submitted in 2009 and the project was granted execution at the Jagiellonian University.


One of the exceptional aspects of the Polish project is its pan-European dimension. The project is accomplished through very tight cooperation with the MAX IV project in Lund (Sweden). In October 2009 an agreement for the mutual cooperation and sharing of ideas was signed between the Jagiellonian Univeristy and Lund Univeristy.

This is a unique collaboration. Solaris will be a replica of the 1.5 GeV storage ring of the MAX IV project (Lund, Sweden) which replaces MAX II facility with two new synchrotrons of 1.5 GeV and 3.0 GeV. The new synchrotrons will be the state-of-the-art facilities using integrated magnets unique design introduced by MAX-Lab accelerators physicist.


This is a unique and a very important investment for Polish science and our region, which gives a chance on new valuable research activity in many fields of science. Currently, Polish scientists interested in applications of the synchrotron radiation, use foreign centres. Synchrotron in Krakow is a great chance for Poland, for the region and for the Jagiellonian University, which co-ordinates the Synchrotron Project. Solaris synchrotron will strengthen the position of Krakow on the scientific map of Europe and it will contribute to the development of international co-operation.

Project Solaris is financed from the European Structural Funds, with completion scheduled for 2015. First research can start at 2018.